Mihai Stepan Cazazian

ARMENIA / Declarația Comisiei Interparlamentare Armenia-Artsakh (engleză)

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On 13-19 January, 1990,
coordinated mass pogroms of the Armenian population were committed in the
capital of Azerbaijan, Baku, under the watchful eye of the state authorities. Hundreds
of Armenians became victims of violence because of their ethnic origin; their
property was looted and confiscated. More than 250 thousand Armenians living in
Baku fled under the direct threat of physical extermination and found a refuge
in various countries of the world.

The mass pogroms of
Armenians in Baku were the result of largescale policy of discrimination
against Armenians, unleashed by the Caucasian Tartar extremist forces at the
beginning of the 20th century and continued by the authorities of Azerbaijan up
until now. This policy led to a drastic reduction of the Armenian population in
territories under the control of Azerbaijan. By gaining new impetus in the end
of 1980s, that policy and the existential threat it imposed led to the extermination
of the Armenian population in Baku and in other settlements of the Azerbaijani

Stating that despite the facts
recorded by the international community and human rights organizations, the
Azerbaijani authorities until now conceal their genocidal actions, distort the
reality, and escape the responsibility;

Emphasizing that the continuous
official policy of Armenophobia in Azerbaijan and these and other crimes
committed on that ground (the pogroms in Sumgait and Kirovabad, massacre of the
Armenian population of the Artsakh’s Maragha village, which fell under
Azerbaijan’s occupation, war crimes committed by the Azerbaijani armed forces
against the civilian population of Artsakh and prisoners of war during its
aggression in April, 2016), the consistent destruction of the Armenian cultural
heritage, as well as the ethnic cleansing of the Armenians in the territories
of Artsakh remaining under the Azerbaijani occupation up until now, attest to
the Azerbaijani authorities’ intend to wipe out the Armenians and all traces of
their existence in the territories under their control;

Based on the principles enshrined
in the Convention on Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (9
December 1948), the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (10 December 1948),
the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
Discrimination (21 December 1965), the International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights (16 December 1966), and other international instruments
relating to the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, which are
also entrenched in the domestic legislation of all democratic states, 

the Armenia-Artsakh Inter-Parliamentary Committee in the result of
the joint meeting held on January 18, 2020

Pays tribute to the memory of our
compatriots who were killed 30 years ago in Baku and states that fair
compensation for the losses of the Armenian population is legal and relevant;

Condemns the consistent policy of
Armenophobia in the Republic of Azerbaijan;

Considers unacceptable any
manifestation of xenophobia, extremism, and terrorism;

Confirms that there is no
statutory limitation for the crimes against humanity and emphasizes that
the condemnation of crimes committed in the past is the most important
guarantee for preventing the reoccurrence of such crimes in the future;

Calls on
parliaments and parliamentary assemblies, international organizations, and
human rights organizations:

  • to condemn the crimes committed by Azerbaijan
    against the Armenian population of Baku and the violations of international
    humanitarian law, which constitute a threat not only to the Armenian people but
    also to the security, stability, and development of the entire region;
  • to take effective measures for their prevention.

Reconfirms that the Republic of Armenia
and the Republic of Artsakh, as guarantors of the peaceful life of the Armenian
people in their homeland, demand the condemnation of atrocities against the
Armenians and fair compensation for the victims and their assignees.